The island that breathes fire


The island of Fogo, name derived from its volcano, rises abruptly from the sea due to powerful telluric currents that still remain nowadays. Its area is larger than the mythical cone of dark lava that reflects a variety of colors offered by nature.

The island of Fogo represents the history, the life and the miracle survival of a community with deep human and culture essence. S. Filipe is the baptismal name of the island, given by the navigator Diogo Gomes when he arrived there in 1460.


marco rocha

@Marcos Rocha

The name of origin was soon replaced because of the strong impression caused by the mountain and also the telluric currents that flows in the layers of the earth. The island was named Fogo; And S. Filipe became the name of the capital - the second population community to emerge in Cape Verde.

The cotton culture attracted the first settlers, in the late fifteenth century, initiating the importation of slaves.

The cultivation of coffee and “purgueira”, a shrub used to make oil and soap, fortified the development of the island as well.

The human and cultural miscegenation characterize the island in a distinctive way. The beautiful city of S. Filipe is a symbol of cultural diversity and example of a well-preserved colonial architecture integrated into the African way of life.

The peak of the volcano is the highest and attractive place of the island; thus, all paths leads you to Chã das Caldeiras, an isolated village in the immense crater of the volcano, surrounded by the black leucite.



The grapes that make the wine Manecom, a rare flavor that Cape Verde offers to the world, are born in the middle of the volcanic lava. Hikers can venture up to the top of the volcano, a four hours’ journey.

It is also interesting to see the impressive landscape of Monte Velho Forest, where the acacias coexist with eucalyptus and jacaranda trees, mitigating the wild scenery.

Fogo is a paradise which offers caves and wonderful fountains of groundwater to be explored.

Exploring this mysterious territory leads to the salt flats in S. Jorge, surrounded by rocks and unusual caves; to the Covas de Mosteiros, where agriculture is practiced in volcanic craters and also beaches of agitated waters and black sands due to the leucite.

Excursions around the island require a good meal, accompanied by Manecom wine and organic coffee, to recharge energies. At the end, we feel the nostalgia for the departure.

src: rabidanti fogo/

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